Proyekto sa Araling Panlipunan II
Bawat bansa sa Asya ay may ipinagkaparis at mern ding ipinagkaiba. Marapat lamang na malaman antin ang mga mahahalagang impormasyon tungkol sa ating karatig bansa nang sa gayo'y malaman natin kung ano ang kanilang mga pinagdadaanan, pati na rin ang iba't ibang kultura sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.
Sa inyong pagbasa sa mga susunod na bahagi ng proyektong ito, unti-unti ninyong matutuklasan ang iba't ibang kultura, relihiyon, uri ng pamilya, edukasyon, sining at maging sa larangan ng pampalakasan o sports sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Dito inyong matatanto kung ano ang ipinagtulad natin pati na rin ang ipinagkaiba ng bansang Pilipinas sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.
Tunghayan nating ang iba't ibang datos tungkol sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.
Religions in Asia
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. Buddhism gradually spread from India throughout Asia to Central Asia, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Southeast Asia, as well as to East Asian countries such as China, Korea, and Japan. It is classified as an Ārya dharma or a noble religion. It is one of the shramana religions existing today.
With approximately 369 million followers, Buddhism is a major world religion. Its adherents are called Buddhists.
The aim of Buddhist practice is to end the cycle of rebirth called samsara (Pāli, Sanskrit), by awakening the practitioner to the realization of true reality, the achievement of liberation (nirvana). To achieve this, one should purify and train the mind and act according to the laws of karma, of cause and effect: perform positive actions, and positive results will follow. Accordingly negative deeds have negative consequences.
Buddhist morality is underpinned by the principles of harmlessness and moderation. Mental training focuses on moral discipline (sila), meditative concentration (samadhi), and wisdom (prajñā).
While Buddhism does not deny the existence of supernatural beings (indeed, many are discussed in Buddhist scripture), it does not ascribe power for creation, salvation or judgment to them. Like humans, they are regarded as having the power to affect worldly events, and so some Buddhist schools associate with them via ritual.
Followers of Islam, known as Muslims
, believe that God
(or, in Arabic
; also in Aramaic
Alaha) revealed his direct word for mankind to Muhammad
) and other prophets
, including Adam
, and Jesus
. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last or the seal of the Prophets. Thus, his preachings for humankind will last until qiyamah
(The Day of the Resurrection). Muslims assert that the main written record of revelation to humankind is the Qur'an
, which they believe to be flawless, immutable, and the final revelation of God to humanity. Muslims believe that parts of the Gospels, Torah
and Jewish prophetic books (though originally divine in their nature) have been forgotten, misinterpreted, incorrectly edited by humans, or distorted by their followers and thus their original message has been corrupted over time. With that perspective, Muslims view the Qur'an as a correction of Jewish and Christian scriptures, and a final revelation.
Muslims hold that Islam is essentially the same belief as that of all the messengers sent by God to mankind since Adam, with the Qur'ān (the one definitive text of the Muslim faith) codifying the final revelation of God. Islamic texts depict Judaism
as derivations of the teachings of the prophet Abraham and thus acknowledges their Abrahamic
roots, whilst the Qur'an calls Jews and Christians (and sometimes people of other faiths
) "People of the Book
The basis of Islamic belief is found in the shahādatān
("two testimonies", Arabic: لا إله إلا الله ومحمد رسول الله ): lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadur-rasūlu-llāhi—"There is no god but God (Allah); Muhammad is the messenger of God (Allah)." In order to become a Muslim, one needs to recite and believe in these statements under witness. There is no compulsory conversion in Islam, and one who wishes to convert must be truly willing, and must have given thought in interpretaion and implication before reciting these words (in Arabic) and becoming a Muslim.
A view of the Dome of the Rock
on the Temple Mount
, a holy site in Islam
Islām is described as a dīn
, meaning "way of life" and/or "guidance".
is the religion
of the Jewish
people. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic
faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions
still practiced today. The tenets and history of Judaism are the major part of the foundation of other Abrahamic religions
, including Christianity
Over at least the last two thousand years, Judaism has not been monolithic in practice, and has not had any centralized authority or binding dogma
. Despite this, Judaism in all its variations has remained tightly bound to a number of religious principles
, the most important of which is the belief in a single, omniscient
, and omnibenevolent
, transcendant God
who created the universe
, and continues to be involved in its governance. According to Jewish thought, the God who created the world established a covenant
with the Jewish people, and revealed his laws and commandments
to them in the form of the Torah
. Jewish practice is devoted to the study and observance of these laws and commandments, as they are interpreted according to various ancient and modern authorities.
Judaism does not easily fit into conventional western
categories, such as religion
, or culture
, in part because of its 4,000-year history. During this time, Jews have experienced slavery
self-government, conquest, occupation, and exile; they have been in contact with, and have been influenced by, ancient Egyptian
, and Hellenic
cultures, as well as modern movements such as the Enlightenment
) and the rise of nationalism
. Thus, Talmud
professor Daniel Boyarin has argued that "Jewishness disrupts the very categories of identity, because it is not national, not genealogical
, not religious, but all of these, in dialectical
: ਸਿੱਖੀ) is a religion based on the teachings of ten Gurus
who lived primarily in 16th and 17th century India
. It is one of the world's major religions
with over 23 million followers. Sikhism comes from the word Sikh, which in turn comes from its Sanskrit
root 'śiṣya' (शिष्य) which means "disciple" or "learner", or from the Pāli
word 'sikkhā' (सिक्खा).
The two core beliefs of Sikhism are:
The belief in one God
. The opening sentence of the Sikh scriptures is only two words long, and reflects the base belief of all who adhere to the teachings of the religion: ੴ - Ek Onkar
The teachings of the Ten Sikh Gurus
(as well as other accepted Muslim and Hindu figures) as enshrined in the Guru Granth Sahib
The Guru Granth Sahib is a sacred text considered by Sikhs to be their eleventh and final Guru. Sikhism was influenced by both reform movements in Hinduism
(e.g. Sant Mat
ideal, and bhajans
) as well as Islam
, particularly Sufism
. It departs from some of the social traditions and structure of Hinduism
(such as the caste system
, respectively). Sikh philosophy
is characterised by logic, comprehensiveness, and a "without frills" approach to both spiritual and material concerns. Its theology is marked by simplicity.
was once the "official" religion of Sassanid
, and played an important role in the Achaemenian
as well as Parthian
empires in Persia
. The religion is also known as Mazdaism by some followers; and currently, as Zarathustrianism by others.
Zoroastrian areas once stretched from Anatolia to the Persian Gulf, and its followers once numbered in the millions. Its followers today, located in South Asia, Iran, and throughout the diaspora, number much less, but the religion is very much alive and dynamic.
The origin of the religion is ascribed to the prophet Zarathushtra, who is commonly known in the West as Zoroaster
, the Greek
version of his name. The etymology
of his name is disputed, though several different explanations exist. The modern Persian
form of the prophet's name is Zartosht (زرتشت).
Zoroaster came to reform ancient Aryan
religious practices (some of which were parallel to the Vedic religion
of ancient northern India
and to some extent the ceremonies conducted by priests in Hinduism today).
According to different scholarly histories, Zoroaster lived in what was then ancient Persia
. His dates are contested, but were clearly somewhere between the 18th and the 6th centuries BCE (although Plato
put Zoroaster in the 64th century BCE). Zoroaster is thought to have written the Gathas
, poems which have been assidiously preserved by his followers through centuries of oral transmission, before the whole of the Avesta
(in which the Gathas are a central portion) were commited to writing in the Parthian
periods. The Gathic dialect is similar to the Vedic Rig Veda
and thus Zoroaster has sometimes been dated as roughly contemporary to the Rig Veda, normally ascribed to c.1500-1250 BCE. However other sources suggest a later date – in the 6th century BCE.
The faith is ostensibly monotheistic, although Zoroastrianism has a dualistic nature, with a series of six entities (similar in function and status to angels
) accompanying Ahura Mazda (the Supreme Being), and forming a heptad that is good and constructive, and another group of seven who are evil and destructive. It is this persistent conflict between good and evil that distinguishes Zoroastrianism from monotheistic frameworks that have only one power as supreme. By requiring its adherents to have faith and belief in equally opposing powers Zoroastrianism characterizes itself as dualistic.
Zoroastrianism may also be known as Mazdayasna "Worship of Wisdom" by some its followers after the ancient name for God, Ahura Mazda
, "The ahura
(divinity) Wisdom". A modern Persian
form is Behdin "Good Religion/Law" (see below for the role of daena Law). Zoroastrians may call themselves Zartoshti "Zoroastrians", Mazdayasni "Wisdom-Worshippers" and Behdini "Followers of the Good Religion", and even Zarathustrian.
Aming napuna na ang Timog Kanlurang Asya ay isang lugar kung saan ang mga tao ay iba iba at maganda ang diversity dito.
Ang ilang mga bansa ay nagkakaiba sa relihiyon, sa uri ng pamahalaan at sa iba pang aspeto ng buhay at kultura. Gayon pa man, nagkaroon ng magandang epekto ang pagkakaibang ito.
Naging maganda ang kinalabasan ng mga pagkakaiba ng mga tao para makabuo ng isang rehiyon kung saan ang lahat ng uri g tao ay tanggap. Kami ay tunay ngang natuwa sa kalagayang ito.
Alam nating lahat na maraming kaguluhan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Maraming mga suicide bombings na nagaganap sa Iraq, Israel at Palestine. Ngunit at mga awtoridad sa nasabing lugar ay tulong tulong na ipinag
tatanggol ang mga tao doon. Nagkakaisa sila upang masugpo ang terorismo.
Aming napag-isip isip na marapat lamang na alamin nating mabuti ang kalagayan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Iba man ang katayuan nila at lahi sa atin, iisa lamang ang mundong ating ginagalawan.
Marapat lamang na atin silang igalang at kilalanin dahil ang bawat tao sa mundo ay nilikha ng Diyos upang magtulungan at magkaisa tungo sa ikauunlad ng lahat.
Mark Anthony Catalig (Religion)
Sahara Pourkaramy Lighvan(Sports, Government, Reaction, Web Designing and Over all editor)
Ralajean Semira(Introduction, Conclusion)
Marjorie Davantes(Arts, Additional Info)
ng H2 St. Peter
Jewish Virtual Library
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
15. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41.
16. Nazih Ayubi. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. p. 39.
17. Ibid. p. 41.
18. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41.
19. Ibid. p. 44.
20. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p p. 67-68.
21. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in The Middle East. p. 44.
22. Mervat Hatem. "Egypt's Middle Class in Crisis." Middle East Journal. p. 419.
23. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p. 29.