Proyekto sa Araling Panlipunan II

Introduction

Bawat bansa sa Asya ay may ipinagkaparis at mern ding ipinagkaiba. Marapat lamang na malaman antin ang mga mahahalagang impormasyon tungkol sa ating karatig bansa nang sa gayo'y malaman natin kung ano ang kanilang mga pinagdadaanan, pati na rin ang iba't ibang kultura sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

Sa inyong pagbasa sa mga susunod na bahagi ng proyektong ito, unti-unti ninyong matutuklasan ang iba't ibang kultura, relihiyon, uri ng pamilya, edukasyon, sining at maging sa larangan ng pampalakasan o sports sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Dito inyong matatanto kung ano ang ipinagtulad natin pati na rin ang ipinagkaiba ng bansang Pilipinas sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

Tunghayan nating ang iba't ibang datos tungkol sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

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Discussion

the Middle East


The Middle East is a political and cultural subregion of Asia, or of Africa-Eurasia. The core of the region comprises the lands between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf along with the Anatolian, Arabian and Sinai peninsulas. Sometimes, it is used in a broader sense which can include areas stretching from North Africa in the west to Pakistan in the east and the Caucasus and/or Central Asia in the north. The media and various international organizations (such as the United Nations) usually considers the Middle East to be Southwest Asia (including Cyprus and Iran) plus all of Egypt.

The area encompasses several cultural and ethnic groups, including the Iranians, Arabs, Greeks, Jews, Berbers, Assyrians, Kurds and Turks. The main language groups include: the Farsi, Arabic, Hebrew, Assyrian, Kurdish and Turkish. People from the Middle East are generally known by those in "the West" as being "Middle Eastern".
Most Western definitions of the "Middle East" -- in both established reference books and common usage -- define the region as 'nations in Southwest Asia, from Iran (Persia) to Egypt'. Consequently, Egypt, with its Sinai Peninsula in Asia, is usually considered part of the 'Middle East', although most of the country lies geographically in North Africa. North African nations without Asian links, such as Libya, Tunisia and Morocco, are increasingly being called North African -- as opposed to Middle Eastern (Iran to Egypt - Asia) -- by international media outlets.
Borders
The term Middle East defines a cultural area, so it does not have precise borders. The most common and highly arbitrary definition includes: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Turkey, Iran (Persia), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Iran is often the eastern border, but Afghanistan and western Pakistan are often included due to their close relationship (ethnically and religiously) to the larger group of Iranian peoples as well as historical connections to the Middle East including being part of the various empires that have spanned the region such as those of the Persians and Arabs among others. Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and western Pakistan (Baluchistan and North West Frontier Province) share close cultural, linguistic, and historical ties with Iran and are also part of the Iranian plateau, whereas Iran's relationship with Arab states is based more upon religion and geographic proximity. Also the Kurds, another group of Iranic linguistic origins, are the largest ethnic group in the Middle East without their own state.
North Africa or the Maghrib, although often placed outside the Middle East proper, does have strong cultural and linguistic links to the region, and historically has shared many of the events that have shaped the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions including those prompted by Phoenician-colonized Carthage and Greco-Roman civilization as well as Muslim Arab-Berber and Ottoman empires. The Maghrib is sometimes included, sometimes excluded from the Middle East by the media and in informal usage, while most academics continue to identify North Africa as geographically a part of Africa, but being closely related to southwestern Asia in terms of politics, culture, religion, language, history, and genetics. This can be compared with other similar instances in which, for example, Tasmania and Newfoundland, geographically non-European, share many such traits with northwestern western Europe while Madagascar is in some of these respects more like southeast Asia than southeast Africa.


Changes in the meaning over time

Until World War 2, it was customary to refer to the eastern shore of the Mediterranean as the Near East. The Middle East then meant the area from Mesopotamia to Burma, namely the area between the Near East and the Far East. The sense described in this article evolved during the war, perhaps influenced by the idea of the Mediterranean as the sea in the middle.
Occasionally, the term seems to be used as a euphemism for Israel and the adjoining areas, as in "problems in Iraq and the Middle East".

Some Countries are:

The Republic of Turkey or Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), is a bicontinental country located mainly in Asia Minor, with 3% of its land located in the Balkans. Its strategic location straddles the Bosphorus straits that separate Southwest Asia from Southeast Europe. The Anatolian peninsula comprises nearly all of its territory, and is situated between the Black Sea on the north and the Mediterranean Sea to south, with the Aegean Sea and Marmara Sea (both branches of the Mediterranean) to the west.
Because of its position straddling the continents of Europe and Asia and surrounded by three seas, Turkey has been a historical crossroads, the homeland of and battleground between several great civilizations, and a centre of commerce. Turkey borders eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia, Armenia and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan and to the northeast; Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south.
The Republic of Turkey is a democratic laic (secular) constitutional republic, whose political system was established in 1923. Turkey is a member state of the United Nations, NATO, OSCE, OECD, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, the Council of Europe and in the process of accession to the European Union.

Turkey's political system is based on separation of powers. Its constitution is called 'Anayasa' (Main Law).
Head of State - The function of Head of State is performed by the President. A president is elected every seven years by the Grand National Assembly. The President does not have to be a member of parliament.
Executive power - Executive power rests in the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. The PM and Ministers have to be parliamentarians. The Prime Minister is elected by the parliament with a vote of trust to his government.
Parliament - Legislative power rests in the 550-seat Grand National Assembly "Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi", representing 81 provinces. The Grand National Assembly is elected every five years. To be represented in Parliament, a party must win at least 10% of the national vote in a national parliamentary election. Independent candidates may run. To be elected, they must win at least 10% of the vote in the province from which they are running.

The Kingdom of Bahrain, or Bahrain (formerly spelled Bahrein), (Arabic: مملكة البحرين) is a borderless island nation in the Persian Gulf (Southwest Asia/Middle East, Asia). Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain by the King Fahd Causeway (officially opened on November 25, 1986), and Qatar is to the south across the Persian Gulf. The Qatar–Bahrain Friendship Bridge, currently being planned, will link Bahrain to Qatar as the longest fixed link in the world.

Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy headed by the King, Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa; the head of government is the Prime Minister, Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa who presides over a cabinet of 15 members. Bahrain has a bicameral legislature with a lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, elected by universal suffrage and the upper house, the Shura Council, appointed by the King. Both houses have forty members. The inaugural elections were held in 2002, with parliamentarians serving four year terms.

Women's political rights in Bahrain saw an important step forward when women were granted the right to vote and stand in national elections for the first time in 2002's election. However, no women were elected to office in that year’s polls and instead Shia and Sunni Islamists dominated the election, collectively winning a majority of seats. In response to the failure of women candidates, six were appointed to the Shura Council, which also includes representatives of the Kingdom’s indigenous Jewish and Christian communities.


The King recently created the Supreme Judicial Council to regulate the country's courts and institutionalize the separation of the administrative and judicial branches of government.
On 11-12 November 2005, Bahrain hosted the Forum for the Future bringing together leaders from the Middle East and G8 countries to discuss political and economic reform in the region.

The United Arab Emirates (also called the UAE) is an oil-rich Middle Eastern country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain. Before 1971, they were known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman, in reference of a nineteenth-century truce between the British and some Arab Sheikhs. It borders Oman and Saudi Arabia.

Federal Institutions
The Supreme Council consists of the individual rulers of the seven emirates. The President and Vice-President are elected by the Supreme Council every five years. Although unofficial, the Presidency is de facto hereditary to the Al-Nahyan clan of Abu Dhabi and the Premiership is hereditary to the Al-Maktoom clan of Dubai. The Supreme Council also elects the Council of Ministers, while an appointed 40-member Federal National Council, drawn from all the emirates, reviews proposed laws. There is a federal court system; all emirates except Dubai and Ras al-Khaimah have joined the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts.
Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the union's president from the nation's founding until his death on 2 November 2004. His son, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan was elected president the next day.



Reaction

Aming napuna na ang Timog Kanlurang Asya ay isang lugar kung saan ang mga tao ay iba iba at maganda ang diversity dito. Ang ilang mga bansa ay nagkakaiba sa relihiyon, sa uri ng pamahalaan at sa iba pang aspeto ng buhay at kultura. Gayon pa man, nagkaroon ng magandang epekto ang pagkakaibang ito. Naging maganda ang kinalabasan ng mga pagkakaiba ng mga tao para makabuo ng isang rehiyon kung saan ang lahat ng uri g tao ay tanggap. Kami ay tunay ngang natuwa sa kalagayang ito.

Alam nating lahat na maraming kaguluhan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Maraming mga suicide bombings na nagaganap sa Iraq, Israel at Palestine. Ngunit at mga awtoridad sa nasabing lugar ay tulong tulong na ipinag tatanggol ang mga tao doon. Nagkakaisa sila upang masugpo ang terorismo.


Conclusion

Aming napag-isip isip na marapat lamang na alamin nating mabuti ang kalagayan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Iba man ang katayuan nila at lahi sa atin, iisa lamang ang mundong ating ginagalawan. Marapat lamang na atin silang igalang at kilalanin dahil ang bawat tao sa mundo ay nilikha ng Diyos upang magtulungan at magkaisa tungo sa ikauunlad ng lahat.




Ipinasa nina:
Mark Anthony Catalig (Religion)
Kathleen Pedrosa(Culture)
Feliziene Mendoza(Family)
Patricia Fermin(education)
Sahara Pourkaramy Lighvan(Sports, Government, Reaction, Web Designing and Over all editor)
Ralajean Semira(Introduction, Conclusion)
Marjorie Davantes(Arts, Additional Info)

ng H2 St. Peter



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References
Jewish Virtual Library
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
15. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41. 16. Nazih Ayubi. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. p. 39.
17. Ibid. p. 41.
18. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41.
19. Ibid. p. 44.
20. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p p. 67-68.
21. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in The Middle East. p. 44.
22. Mervat Hatem. "Egypt's Middle Class in Crisis." Middle East Journal. p. 419.
23. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p. 29.