Proyekto sa Araling Panlipunan II

Introduction

Bawat bansa sa Asya ay may ipinagkaparis at mern ding ipinagkaiba. Marapat lamang na malaman antin ang mga mahahalagang impormasyon tungkol sa ating karatig bansa nang sa gayo'y malaman natin kung ano ang kanilang mga pinagdadaanan, pati na rin ang iba't ibang kultura sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

Sa inyong pagbasa sa mga susunod na bahagi ng proyektong ito, unti-unti ninyong matutuklasan ang iba't ibang kultura, relihiyon, uri ng pamilya, edukasyon, sining at maging sa larangan ng pampalakasan o sports sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Dito inyong matatanto kung ano ang ipinagtulad natin pati na rin ang ipinagkaiba ng bansang Pilipinas sa mga bansang nabibilang sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

Tunghayan nating ang iba't ibang datos tungkol sa Timog Kanlurang Asya.

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Discussion

History Of Israel

Historical roots

Most believe that the land on which the State of Israel now exists was the birthplace of Judaism in the 10th century BCE or earlier, although some scholars dispute this. The earliest mention of the name 'Israel' is in Ancient Egyptian accounts of conquered lands in Asia minor, dating back to about 1500 BCE. For over 3,000 years, Jews have held the Land of Israel to be their homeland, both as a Holy Land and as a Promised Land, while Non-Jews have also maintained similar claims. The Land of Israel holds a special place in Jewish religious obligations, encompassing Judaism's most important sites including the remains of the First and Second Temple. Starting around 1200 BCE, a series of Jewish kingdoms and states existed intermittently in the region for over a millennium until the failure of the Great Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire resulted in widescale expulsion of Jews (see Destruction of Jerusalem).
Under
Roman, Byzantine, and (briefly) Persian rule, Jewish presence in the province dwindled, but the Mishnah and Jerusalem Talmud, two of Judaism's most important religious texts, were composed in Palestine during this period. The Arabs conquered the land from the Eastern Roman Empire in 638 CE and the area was ruled by various Arab states before becoming part of the Ottoman Empire in 1517. Throughout the centuries, the size of the Jewish population in the land fluctuated widely, with the population in the region of present day Israel numbering approximately 20-25,000 in 1881 of a total population of 470,000.
The first wave of Jewish emigration to Israel, or Aliyah (עלייה) started in the late 1800s as Jews fled persecution. The end of the 19th century saw the founding of Zionism, the national movement to create a Jewish political entity in Palestine, leading to the Second Aliyah during the first two decades of the 20th century with the influx of around 40,000 Jews. In 1917 the British Foreign Secretary Arthur J. Balfour issued the historic Balfour Declaration that "view[ed] with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". In 1920 Palestine became a League of Nations mandate administered by Britain (see British Mandate of Palestine).
Jewish immigration resumed in
third and fourth waves after World War I. Later, the rise of Nazism in 1933 led to a fifth wave of Aliyah, and the Jews in the region increased from 11% of the population in 1922 to 30% by 1940. The subsequent Holocaust in Europe led to additional immigration from other parts of Europe. By the end of World War II, the number of Jews in Palestine was approximately 600,000.
In
1939 the British abandoned the idea of a Jewish national home, and abandoned partition and negotiations in favour of the unilaterally-imposed White Paper of 1939, which capped Jewish immigration.
Its other stated policy was to establish a system under which both Jews and Arabs were to share one government. As a result of impending world war, the plan was never fully implemented, but the White Paper policy was implemented well into the end of WWII, and enforced even when refugees who survived the
Holocaust were fleeing from Nazi persecution.
Zionism and Aliyah
The first wave of Jewish emigration to Israel, or Aliyah (עלייה) started in the late 1800s as Jews fled persecution. The end of the 19th century saw the founding of Zionism, the national movement to create a Jewish political entity in Palestine, leading to the Second Aliyah during the first two decades of the 20th century with the influx of around 40,000 Jews. In 1917 the British Foreign Secretary Arthur J. Balfour issued the historic Balfour Declaration that "view[ed] with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people". In 1920 Palestine became a League of Nations mandate administered by Britain (see British Mandate of Palestine).
Jewish immigration resumed in
third and fourth waves after World War I. Later, the rise of Nazism in 1933 led to a fifth wave of Aliyah, and the Jews in the region increased from 11% of the population in 1922 to 30% by 1940. The subsequent Holocaust in Europe led to additional immigration from other parts of Europe. By the end of World War II, the number of Jews in Palestine was approximately 600,000.
In
1939 the British abandoned the idea of a Jewish national home, and abandoned partition and negotiations in favour of the unilaterally-imposed White Paper of 1939, which capped Jewish immigration.
Its other stated policy was to establish a system under which both Jews and Arabs were to share one government. As a result of impending world war, the plan was never fully implemented, but the White Paper policy was implemented well into the end of WWII, and enforced even when refugees who survived the
Holocaust were fleeing from Nazi persecution.
Establishment of the State and the War of Independence

Main articles: Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, 1948 Arab-Israeli War
In
1947, following increasing levels of violence by militant groups, alongside unsuccessful efforts to reconcile the Jewish and Arab populations, the British government decided to withdraw from the Palestine Mandate. Fulfillment of the 1947 UN Partition Plan would have divided the mandated territory into two states, Jewish and Arab, giving about half the land area to each state. Under this plan, Jerusalem was intended to be an international region under UN administration to avoid conflict over its status. Immediately following the adoption of the Partition Plan by the United Nations General Assembly, the Palestinian Arab leadership rejected the plan to create the as-yet-unnamed Jewish state and launched a guerilla war.
On
May 14, 1948, before the expiring of the British Mandate of Palestine on midnight of the May 15, 1948, the State of Israel was proclaimed. The surrounding Arab states supported the Palestinian Arabs in rejecting both the Partition Plan and the establishment of Israel, and the armies of six Arab nations attacked the State of Israel. Over the next 15 months Israel captured an additional 26% of the Mandate territory west of the Jordan river and annexed it to the new state. Most of the Arab population fled or were expelled during the war. The continuing conflict between Israel and the Arab world resulted in a lasting displacement that persists to this day.


Reaction

Aming napuna na ang Timog Kanlurang Asya ay isang lugar kung saan ang mga tao ay iba iba at maganda ang diversity dito. Ang ilang mga bansa ay nagkakaiba sa relihiyon, sa uri ng pamahalaan at sa iba pang aspeto ng buhay at kultura. Gayon pa man, nagkaroon ng magandang epekto ang pagkakaibang ito. Naging maganda ang kinalabasan ng mga pagkakaiba ng mga tao para makabuo ng isang rehiyon kung saan ang lahat ng uri g tao ay tanggap. Kami ay tunay ngang natuwa sa kalagayang ito.

Alam nating lahat na maraming kaguluhan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Maraming mga suicide bombings na nagaganap sa Iraq, Israel at Palestine. Ngunit at mga awtoridad sa nasabing lugar ay tulong tulong na ipinag tatanggol ang mga tao doon. Nagkakaisa sila upang masugpo ang terorismo.


Conclusion

Aming napag-isip isip na marapat lamang na alamin nating mabuti ang kalagayan sa Timog Kanlurang Asya. Iba man ang katayuan nila at lahi sa atin, iisa lamang ang mundong ating ginagalawan. Marapat lamang na atin silang igalang at kilalanin dahil ang bawat tao sa mundo ay nilikha ng Diyos upang magtulungan at magkaisa tungo sa ikauunlad ng lahat.




Ipinasa nina:
Mark Anthony Catalig (Religion)
Kathleen Pedrosa(Culture)
Feliziene Mendoza(Family)
Patricia Fermin(education)
Sahara Pourkaramy Lighvan(Sports, Government, Reaction, Web Designing and Over all editor)
Ralajean Semira(Introduction, Conclusion)
Marjorie Davantes(Arts, Additional Info)

ng H2 St. Peter



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References
Jewish Virtual Library
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia
15. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41. 16. Nazih Ayubi. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. p. 39.
17. Ibid. p. 41.
18. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in the Middle East. p. 41.
19. Ibid. p. 44.
20. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p p. 67-68.
21. Mehran Kamrava. Culture, Society, and Democracy in The Middle East. p. 44.
22. Mervat Hatem. "Egypt's Middle Class in Crisis." Middle East Journal. p. 419.
23. Bourhaina Shaaban. Both Right and Left Handed: Arab Women Talk About Their Lives. p. 29.